Credential Transparency Description Language Mapping Guide

Summary

This is the primary schema of the Credential Engine.

Release ID: 20171018
Release Date: 10-18-2017

Available profiles for this schema:

Profiles define constraints for a schema when it is used in a specific context. Select a profile to view its constraints on this schema:

Raw Schema
View this schema with no profile constraints attached.
Credential Engine Registry Profile of CTDL
This is the profile of CTDL used by the Credential Engine Registry.

Classes for this schema:

Select a class to view its properties.

Organizations

Credential Types

Other Key Classes

Additional Classes

Apprenticeship Certificate

Description:
Credential earned through work-based learning and earn-and-learn models that meet standards and are applicable to industry trades and professions.

Properties:

Assessment Profile

Description:
Entity that describes the key characteristics of an assessment for a credential.
Comment:
Characteristics described include, but are not limited to, processes for assessment development, maintenance, selection and evaluation as well as assessment examples.
Usage Note:
The ceterms:AssessmentProfile is intended for use in describing stand-alone assessments. Assessments that are a part of a learning opportunity associated with a credential should be described as part the ceterms:LearningOpportunityProfile for that learning opportunity.

Properties:

Associate Degree

Description:
College/university award for students typically completing the first one to two years of post secondary school education.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 5.

Properties:

Bachelor's Degree

Description:
College/university award for students typically completing three to five years of education where course work and activities advance skills beyond those of the first one to two years of college/university study.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 6.
Usage Note:
Use for 5-year cooperative (work-study) programs. A cooperative plan provides for alternate class attendance and employment in business, industry, or government; thus, it allows students to combine actual work experience with their college studies. Also includes bachelor's degrees in which the normal 4 years of work are completed in 3 years.

Properties:

Badge

Description:
Recognition designed to be displayed as a marker of accomplishment, activity, achievement, skill, interest, association, or identity.

Properties:

Certificate

Description:
Credential that designates requisite knowledge and skills of an occupation, profession, or academic program.

Properties:

Certification

Description:
Time-limited, renewable credential awarded by an authoritative body to an individual or organization for demonstrating the designated knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform a specific occupation.

Properties:

Condition Manifest

Description:
Set of constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements maintained at the organizational and/or sub-organizational level.
Comment:
These conditions are intended to be referenced by external entities such as individual credentials in order to facilitate the process of their description and to reduce unnecessary duplication of data applicable across an array of entities.

Properties:

Condition Profile

Description:
Entity describing a constraint, prerequisite, entry condition, or requirement.
Comment:
Constraints exist with credentials, learning opportunities, assessments and other entites to which they are subject during their lifecycles.

Properties:

Contact Point

Description:
Means of contacting an organization or its representative.
Comment:
For example, a public relations email address or phone number.

Properties:

Cost Manifest

Description:
Entity that describes a set of costs maintained at, and applicable across the organizational and/or sub-organizational level.
Comment:
Instances of these ceterms:CostManifest entities are intended to be referenced by other entities to augment the process of describing their costs.

Properties:

Cost Profile

Description:
Entity that describes direct costs one would incur if one were to pursue a credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or aspects thereof.

Properties:

Credential Alignment Object

Description:
Entity describing an affiliation or association between an entity such as a credential, learning opportunity or assessment and another entity in a structured framework such as a concept scheme, enumerated list, or competency framework.

Properties:

Credential Organization

Description:
Organization that plays one or more key roles in the lifecycle of a credential.

Properties:

Degree

Description:
Academic credential conferred upon completion of a program or course of study, typically over multiple years at a college or university.

Properties:

Digital Badge

Description:
Badge offered in digital form.

Properties:

Diploma

Description:
Credential awarded by educational institutions for successful completion of a course of study or its equivalent.

Properties:

Doctoral Degree

Description:
Highest credential award for students who have completed both a bachelor's degree and a master's degree or their equivalent as well as independent research and/or a significant project or paper.
Comment:
Equivalent to UNESCO ISCED, Level 8.

Properties:

Duration Profile

Description:
Entity describing the temporal aspects of a resource.
Comment:
Temporal aspects include exact, minimum, and maximum timeframes of an activity.

Properties:

Financial Alignment Object

Description:
An alignment to a financial framework.
Comment:
Examples include, but are not limited to, Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) in the U.S.

Properties:

General Education Development (GED)

Description:
Credential awarded by examination that demonstrates that an individual has acquired secondary school-level academic skills.

Properties:

Geographic Coordinates

Description:
Geographic coordinates of a place or event including latitude and longitude as well as other locational information.

Properties:

Identifier Value

Description:
Alphanumeric Identifier value.
Usage Note:
Where a formal identification system exists for the identifier, recommended best practice is to use a string conforming to that system.

Properties:

Journeyman Certificate

Description:
Credential awarded to skilled workers on successful completion of an apprenticeship in industry trades and professions.

Properties:

Jurisdiction Profile

Description:
Geo-political information about applicable geographic areas and their exceptions.

Properties:

Learning Opportunity Profile

Description:
Entity describing a learning opportunity.
Comment:
Educational opportunities include required and optional programs, courses of study, and other structured experiences intended to serve as educational or training events.

Properties:

License

Description:
Credential awarded by a government agency that constitutes legal authority to do a specific job and/or utilize a specific item, system or infrastructure and are typically earned through some combination of degree or certificate attainment, certifications, assessments, work experience, and/or fees, and are time-limited and must be renewed periodically.

Properties:

Master Certificate

Description:
Credential awarded upon demonstration through apprenticeship of the highest level of skills and performance in industry trades and professions.

Properties:

Master's Degree

Description:
Credential awarded for a graduate level course of study where course work and activities advance skills beyond those of the bachelor's degree or its equivalent.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 7.

Properties:

Micro-Credential

Description:
Credential that addresses a subset of field-specific knowledge, skills, or competencies; often developmental with relationships to other micro-credentials and field credentials.

Properties:

Open Badge

Description:
Visual symbol containing verifiable claims in accordance with the Open Badges specification and delivered digitally.

Properties:

Postal Address

Description:
Entity describing a mailing address.

Properties:

Process Profile

Description:
Entity describing the type, nature, and other relevant information about a process related to a credential.

Properties:

Professional Doctorate

Description:
Doctoral degree conferred upon completion of a program providing the knowledge and skills for the recognition, credential, or license required for professional practice.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 8.

Properties:

QA Credential Organization

Description:
Quality assurance organization that plays one or more key roles in the lifecycle of a credential, learning program, or assessment.

Properties:

Quality Assurance Credential

Description:
Credential assuring that an organization, program, or awarded credential meets prescribed requirements and may include development and administration of qualifying examinations.

Properties:

Research Doctorate

Description:
Doctoral degree conferred for advanced work beyond the master level, including the preparation and defense of a thesis or dissertation based on original research, or the planning and execution of an original project demonstrating substantial artistic or scholarly achievement.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011, Level 8.

Properties:

Revocation Profile

Description:
Entity describing conditions and methods by which a credential can be removed from a holder.

Properties:

Secondary School Diploma

Description:
Diploma awarded by secondary education institutions for successful completion of a secondary school program of study.
Comment:
Equivalent to an award at UNESCO ISCED 2011 Levels 2 or 3.

Properties:

Verification Service Profile

Description:
Entity describing the means by which someone can verify whether a credential has been attained.
Comment:
Includes, but is not limited to, verification of whether quality assurance credentials have been issued for organizations, learning opportunities, and assessments.

Properties:

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Requires

Description:
Requirement or set of requirements for this credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Advanced Standing From

Description:
Credential that has its time or cost reduced by another credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Preparation For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity provides preparation for the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity being referenced.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Recommended For

Description:
It is recommended to earn or complete this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity before attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Required For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity must be earned or completed prior to attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Preparation From

Description:
Another credential, learning opportunity or assessment that provides preparation for this credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recommends

Description:
Recommended credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:availableAt or ceterms:availableOnlineAt or ceterms:availabilityListing
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:availableAt or ceterms:availableOnlineAt or ceterms:availabilityListing
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:availableAt or ceterms:availableOnlineAt or ceterms:availabilityListing
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Assesses

Description:
Competency evaluated through the assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Assessment Method Type

Description:
Type of method used to conduct an assessment; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:AssessmentMethod vocabulary.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Vocabulary:
This property should point to items in the Assessment Method Concept Scheme:

Delivery Type

Description:
Type of means by which a learning opportunity or assessment is delivered to credential seekers and by which they interact; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use concepts from a controlled vocabulary such as the ceterms:DeliveryType vocabulary.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Vocabulary:
This property should point to items in the Delivery Type Concept Scheme:

Delivery Type Description

Description:
Detailed description of the delivery type of an assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Advanced Standing From

Description:
Credential that has its time or cost reduced by another credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Assessment Output

Description:
Description of the assessment artifact, performance or examination.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Entry Condition

Description:
Prerequisites for entry into a credentialing program, a learning opportunity or an assessment including transcripts, records of previous experience, and lower-level learning opportunities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

External Research

Description:
Research that supports or validates one or more aspects of the entity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Has Group Evaluation

Description:
Whether or not the assessment activity is scored as a group.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Has Group Participation

Description:
Whether or not two or more participants are required to complete the assessment activity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Instructional Program Type

Description:
Type of instructional program; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
For U.S. credentials, best practice is to use a framework such as the CIP (Classification of Instructional Programs). Other credentials may use any framework of the class CTDL InstructionalProgramClassification.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:InstructionalProgramClassification Concept Scheme.

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Preparation For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity provides preparation for the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity being referenced.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Proctored

Description:
Whether or not the assessment is supervised or monitored by an agent.
Comment:
Such supervision or proctoring includes: (1) guaranteeing of the identities of the examinees; (2) the conditions of the examination including instructions, time, materials, equipment and completion, and (3) completed without unauthorized assistance.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Is Recommended For

Description:
It is recommended to earn or complete this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity before attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Required For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity must be earned or completed prior to attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Preparation From

Description:
Another credential, learning opportunity or assessment that provides preparation for this credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Scoring Method Description

Description:
Textual description of the method used to score the assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Scoring Method Example

Description:
Webpage or online document providing an example of the method or tool used to score the assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Scoring Method Example Description

Description:
Textual example of the method or tool used to score the assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Scoring Method Type

Description:
Type of method used to score the assessment; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for U.S. credentials and for submission to the Credential Engine Registry, is to use concepts from the ceterms:ScoringMethod vocabulary.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Vocabulary:
This property should point to items in the Scoring Method Concept Scheme:

Target Assessment

Description:
Assessment that provides direct, indirect, formative or summative evaluation or estimation of the nature, ability, or quality for an entity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Verification Method Description

Description:
Textual description of the methods used to evaluate an assessment, learning opportunity, process or verificaiton service for validity or reliability.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Requires

Description:
Requirement or set of requirements for this credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Advanced Standing From

Description:
Credential that has its time or cost reduced by another credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Degree Concentration

Description:
Focused plan of study within a college or university degree such as a concentration in Aerospace Engineering within an Engineering degree.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Degree Major

Description:
Primary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Degree Minor

Description:
Optional, secondary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Preparation For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity provides preparation for the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity being referenced.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Recommended For

Description:
It is recommended to earn or complete this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity before attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Required For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity must be earned or completed prior to attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Preparation From

Description:
Another credential, learning opportunity or assessment that provides preparation for this credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recommends

Description:
Recommended credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Requires

Description:
Requirement or set of requirements for this credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Advanced Standing From

Description:
Credential that has its time or cost reduced by another credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Degree Concentration

Description:
Focused plan of study within a college or university degree such as a concentration in Aerospace Engineering within an Engineering degree.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Degree Major

Description:
Primary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Degree Minor

Description:
Optional, secondary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Preparation For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity provides preparation for the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity being referenced.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Recommended For

Description:
It is recommended to earn or complete this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity before attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Required For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity must be earned or completed prior to attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Preparation From

Description:
Another credential, learning opportunity or assessment that provides preparation for this credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recommends

Description:
Recommended credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Requires

Description:
Requirement or set of requirements for this credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Advanced Standing From

Description:
Credential that has its time or cost reduced by another credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Preparation For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity provides preparation for the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity being referenced.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Recommended For

Description:
It is recommended to earn or complete this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity before attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Required For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity must be earned or completed prior to attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Preparation From

Description:
Another credential, learning opportunity or assessment that provides preparation for this credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recommends

Description:
Recommended credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Requires

Description:
Requirement or set of requirements for this credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Advanced Standing From

Description:
Credential that has its time or cost reduced by another credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Preparation For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity provides preparation for the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity being referenced.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Recommended For

Description:
It is recommended to earn or complete this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity before attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Required For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity must be earned or completed prior to attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Preparation From

Description:
Another credential, learning opportunity or assessment that provides preparation for this credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recommends

Description:
Recommended credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Requires

Description:
Requirement or set of requirements for this credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Advanced Standing From

Description:
Credential that has its time or cost reduced by another credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Preparation For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity provides preparation for the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity being referenced.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Recommended For

Description:
It is recommended to earn or complete this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity before attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Required For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity must be earned or completed prior to attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Preparation From

Description:
Another credential, learning opportunity or assessment that provides preparation for this credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recommends

Description:
Recommended credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Condition Manifest Of

Description:
Organization maintaining the condition manifest.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Entry Condition

Description:
Prerequisites for entry into a credentialing program, a learning opportunity or an assessment including transcripts, records of previous experience, and lower-level learning opportunities.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Requires

Description:
Requirement or set of requirements for this credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Target Assessment

Description:
Assessment that provides direct, indirect, formative or summative evaluation or estimation of the nature, ability, or quality for an entity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Target Competency

Description:
A competency relevant to the condition being described.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Target Learning Opportunity

Description:
Learning opportunity that is the focus of a condition, process or another learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternative Condition

Description:
Constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirementst in a context where more than one alternative condition or path has been defined and from which any one path fulfills the parent condition.
Comment:
A set of alternative conditions are not necessarily mutually exclusive paths; for example, a set of alternative concentrations for a degree may allow a person to optionally complete more than one concentration even though only one is required to earn the degree.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Asserted By

Description:
Agent making a statement based on fact or belief.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Audience Level Type

Description:
Type of level indicating a point in a progression through an educational or training context, for which the credential is intended; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use terms from the CTDL Audience Level vocabulary.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Audience Type

Description:
Type of credential seeker for whom the particular condition or cost is applicable; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:Audience vocabulary.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Credit Hour Type

Description:
Type of unit of time corresponding to type of credit such as semester hours, quarter hours, clock hours, or hours of participation.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Credit Hour Value

Description:
Number of credit hours awarded for successful completion of a learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Credit Unit Type

Description:
Type of credit associated with both degree and non-degree learning opportunities; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to use concepts from a controlled vocabulary such as ceterms:CreditUnit.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credit Unit Type Description

Description:
Detailed description of credit unit type.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Credit Unit Value

Description:
Number of either credit units awarded for college credit or continuing education units for successful completion of the learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Date Effective

Description:
Effective date of the content of a credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Experience

Description:
Amount and nature of required work, experiential learning or other relevant experience.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Minimum Age

Description:
Minimum allowed age at which a person is eligible for the credential.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Resident Of

Description:
Geographic or political region of which a person must be a legal resident or citizen in order to be eligible for the credential.
Comment:
Residency defines the duration of stay required by national, state, provincial or local laws that entitles a person to the legal protection and benefits provided to the applicable type.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Measurement of the weight, degree, percent, or strength of a recommendation, requirement, or comparison.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to assigned a decimal value weight between 0 and 1 that indicates the strength of the assertion, with 0 being weakest and 1 being strongest.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Years of Experience

Description:
Years of relevant experience.
Usage Note:
Non-integer year values may be expressed as point value, for example, 0.25, 1.5, etc.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Contact Option

Description:
Option for a toll-free number or support for hearing-impaired callers.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Contact Type

Description:
Text identifying the type of service provided by an organizational contact.
Comment:
A person or organization may have different contact points for different services. The contact type property provides for adding text to identity the service; e.g., "toll-free number" or "support for hearing-impaired callers".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Email address of the organization or person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Fax Number

Description:
Fax number.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Social Media

Description:
Social media access point for an agent or an agent's contact point.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Telephone

Description:
Telephone number.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Cost Details

Description:
Webpage or online document containing human-readable, in-depth information about costs.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Cost Manifest Of

Description:
Organization maintaining the cost manifest.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Estimated Cost

Description:
Estimated cost of a credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Cost Details

Description:
Webpage or online document containing human-readable, in-depth information about costs.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Currency

Description:
Currency in which the monetary amount is expressed in 3-letter ISO 4217 format such as "USD".
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Direct Cost Type

Description:
Types of direct costs associated with earning or completing a credential, assessment or learning opportunity; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CostType vocabulary.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Offer price of a credential, learning resource, assessment, related activity or resource.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Condition

Description:
Single constraint, prerequisite, entry condition, requirement, or cost.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

End Date

Description:
Date some event or activity ends.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Start Date

Description:
Date the validity or usefulness of the information in this resource begins.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Target Node Name

Description:
Name of an individual concept or competency in a formally defined framework.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Framework URL

Description:
Credential framework to which the entity is aligned.
Comment:
Frameworks may include, but are not limited to, competency frameworks and concept schemes such as industry, occupation, and instructional program codes.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Framework Name

Description:
Name of the framework.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Target Node

Description:
Individual entry in a formally defined framework such as a competency or an industry, instructional program, or occupation code.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Target Description

Description:
Textual description of an individual concept or competency in a formally defined framework.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Alignment Date

Description:
The date the alignment was made.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Alignment Type

Description:
Type of relationship between two entities.
Comment:
In CTDL, the alignment type value is definitively identified by the property for which the AlignmentObject is the rdfs:range; therefore, use of this property is generally redundant.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Measurement of the weight, degree, percent, or strength of a recommendation, requirement, or comparison.
Usage Note:
Best practice is to assigned a decimal value weight between 0 and 1 that indicates the strength of the assertion, with 0 being weakest and 1 being strongest.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Agent Sector Type

Description:
Type of sociological, economic, or political subdivision served by an organization; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Recommended best practice for credentials in the Credential Engine Registry is to use concepts from the ceterms:AgentSector vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Vocabulary:
This property should point to items in the Agent Sector Concept Scheme:

Agent Type

Description:
Type of organization such as educational institution, credentialing organization or quality assurance body; select from an existing enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:OrganizationType vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Address

Description:
Particulars describing the location of the place.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:address or ceterms:email or ceterms:targetContactPoint
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Email address of the organization or person.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:address or ceterms:email or ceterms:targetContactPoint
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Target Contact Point

Description:
Options for contacting the organization or person.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:address or ceterms:email or ceterms:targetContactPoint
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Agent Purpose

Description:
Organization's primary purpose as found on an "about" page of a website.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Agent Purpose Description

Description:
Short, key phrases describing the primary purpose of an organization as might be derived from the "about" page of it's website.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Parent Organization

Description:
Larger organization exercising authority over the organization being described.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Alternative Identifier

Description:
Alternative, publicly available and globally unique identifier for an organization issued by an authoritative entity.
Comment:
The alternative identifier should be used where no identifier is available for the DUNS, FEIN, NAICS or IPEDS ID properties.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Contact Point

Description:
Contact point for a person or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Department

Description:
Department of the organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Dun & Bradstreet DUNS number for identifying an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN) identifying organizations, persons, states, government agencies, corporations, and companies.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Founding Date

Description:
Date the organization was founded.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Has Condition Manifest

Description:
Entity that describes a set of constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements applicable across the organization, sub-organization or sets of credentials or acitivites.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Has Cost Manifest

Description:
Entity that describes a set of cost data applicable across the organization, sub-organization or sets of credentials or acitivites.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Has Verification Service

Description:
Entity describing available systems provided by the agent to verify credential holders.
Comment:
Systems in place to verify credential holders and communicate the current credentialing status of all credential holders to employers and other labor market participants, as well as to education and workforce development funders and regulators.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Industry Type

Description:
Type of industry; select from an existing enumeration of such types such as the SIC, NAICS, and ISIC classifications.
Usage Note:
Best practice in identifying industries for U.S. credentials is to provide the NAICS code using the ceterms:naics property. Other credentials may use the ceterms:industrytype property and any framework of the class ceterms:IndustryClassification.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Vocabulary:
This property should point to terms applicable to the ceterms:IndustryClassification Concept Scheme.

iPEDS ID

Description:
Unique six digit identifier assigned to all U.S. institutions that have submitted data to the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Mission and Goals Statement

Description:
Webpage or online document that defines or explains the mission and goals of the organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Mission and Goals Statement Description

Description:
Textual statement of the mission and goals of the organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

OPE ID

Description:
OPE ID number (U.S. Office of Postsecondary Education Identification), sometimes referred to as the Federal School Code.
Comment:
Identification number used by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Postsecondary Education (OPE) to identify schools that have Program Participation Agreements (PPA) so that its students are eligible to participate in Federal Student Financial Assistance (FAFSA) programs under Title IV regulations. This is a 6-digit number followed by a 2-digit suffix used to identify branches, additional locations, and other entities that are part of the eligible institution.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Same As

Description:
Another entity that unambiguously indicates the identity of the entity being described.
Comment:
Entities that may indicate identity include, but are not limited to, descriptions of entities in open databases such as DBpedia and Wikidata or social media accounts such as FaceBook and LinkedIn.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Sub-Organization

Description:
Organization in a subordinate or lower position than a parent organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Requires

Description:
Requirement or set of requirements for this credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Advanced Standing From

Description:
Credential that has its time or cost reduced by another credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Degree Concentration

Description:
Focused plan of study within a college or university degree such as a concentration in Aerospace Engineering within an Engineering degree.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Degree Major

Description:
Primary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Degree Minor

Description:
Optional, secondary field of study of a degree-seeking student.
Usage Note:
Where possible, values should be taken from published frameworks defining degree majors, minors, and concentrations such as the U.S. National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP).
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Preparation For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity provides preparation for the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity being referenced.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Recommended For

Description:
It is recommended to earn or complete this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity before attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Required For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity must be earned or completed prior to attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Preparation From

Description:
Another credential, learning opportunity or assessment that provides preparation for this credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recommends

Description:
Recommended credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Entity that describes the longitude, latitude and other location details of an area.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or resource is regulated.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed By

Description:
Organization or person that handles the renewal of the credential.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewed In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential is renewable.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Review Process

Description:
Entity that describes the process by which the credential, or aspects of it, are reviewed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential can be revoked.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Subject

Description:
Words or brief phrases describing the topicality of the entity; select subject terms from an existing enumeration of such terms.
Usage Note:
Use the subject property to reference a concept in a controlled vocabulary. Free text subjects should use the keyword property.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Version Identifier

Description:
Alphanumeric identifier of the version of the credential that is unique within the organizational context of its owner.
Comment:
The credential version captured here is any local identifier used by the credential owner to identify the version of the credential in the its local system.
Usage Note:
Locally unique identifiers are acceptable; however, globally unique URI or GUID/UUID are preferred.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Status Type

Description:
Type of official status of the credential; select from an enumeration of such types.
Usage Note:
Best practice for developing credential descriptions for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:CredentialStatus vocabulary.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Globally unique Credential Transparency Identifier (CTID) by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential, learning opportunity competency, or assessment recognizes the entity in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving a credential).
Comment:
The CTID is the equivalent of a version identifier for the resource. Different versions of a resource are considered distinct expressions and each must be assigned its own CTID. Each version of a resource can have only one CTID assigned. However, a single version of a resource may have distinct identifier values for both the ctid property and the credentialId property. In such a case both identifiers will be recognized by the resource creator/owner/provider in transactions with the external environment.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Description

Description:
Statememnt, characterization or account of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
Name or title of the entity.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Subject Webpage

Description:
The webpage that describes this entity.
Comment:
The web page being referenced describes the entity. The value of subjectWebpage is an authoritative location for information about the subject but should not assumed to be a persistent identifier of the subject.
Importance:
Required
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Offered By

Description:
Agent that offers the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Owned By

Description:
Organization or person with an enforceable claim or legal title to the credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Comment:
Agent includes credentialing organizations, quality assurance organizations and persons. It does not not include credential holders.
Importance:
Required Conditionally: Must include ceterms:ownedBy or ceterms:offeredBy
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that provides official authorization to, or approval of, a credential, organization, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved By

Description:
Organization that pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Availability Listing

Description:
Listing of online and/or physical locations where a credential can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available At

Description:
Physical location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Available Online At

Description:
Online location where the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity can be pursued.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Recognized By

Description:
Agent that acknowledges the validity of the credential, learning opportunity of assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Regulated By

Description:
Quality assurance organization that enforces the legal requirements of the credential, learning resource or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Renewal

Description:
Entity describing the constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements necessary to maintenance and renewal of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, renewal applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may occasionally apply to other types of credentials.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Requires

Description:
Requirement or set of requirements for this credential, learning opportunity, or assessment.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revocation

Description:
Entity that describes the processes and criteria for ending (revoking) the validity or operation of an awarded credential.
Comment:
Generally, revocation applies to certifications and licenses; however, it may also apply to other types of credential under extraordinary circumstances.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Revoked By

Description:
Organization or person that handles revocation of an awarded credential due to violations or failure to renew.
Importance:
Required If Available
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Accredited In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning opportunity or assessment is accredited.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Administration Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, assessment, organization, or aspects of it, are administered.
Comment:
Processes described include the execution of events and the development of resources in the lifecycle of a credential or organization, such as the process for the proctoring of assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Advanced Standing From

Description:
Credential that has its time or cost reduced by another credential, assessment or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Alternate Name

Description:
Alias for a credential including acronyms, alpha-numeric notations, and other forms of name abbreviations in common use such as PhD, MA, and BA.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Appeal Process

Description:
Formal process for objecting to decisions of the organization regarding credentials, assessments or processes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Approved In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which an organization pronounces favorable judgment for this credential, assessment, learning opportunity, or organization.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Coded Notation

Description:
Set of alpha-numeric symbols that uniquely identifies an item and supports its discovery and use.
Comment:
Examples include the alpha-numeric code "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSA.CED.A.2" identifying a node in the U.S. Common Core State Standards on creating equations in algebra, or, the code "8021" in the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) for identifying the occupational context for "Offices and Clinics of Dentists".
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Common Conditions

Description:
Set constraints, prerequisites, entry conditions, or requirements that are shared across an organization, organizational subdivision, set of credentials, or category of entities and activities.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Common Costs

Description:
Set of costs maintained at an organizational or sub-organizational level, which apply to this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Complaint Process

Description:
Process for handling complaints about a credential, or aspects of it including related learning opportunities and assessments.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Copyright Holder

Description:
Person or organization holding the rights in copyright to entities such as credentials, learning opportunities, assessments, competencies or concept schemes.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Corequisite

Description:
Credentials that must be pursued concurrently.
Comment:
Includes dual (double) degrees that cannot be earned independently of each other.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Credential Identifier

Description:
Globally unique identifier by which the creator, owner or provider of a credential recognizes that credential in transactions with the external environment (e.g., in verifiable claims involving the credential).
Comment:
The identifier may take the form of a URN, UUID, ARK, DOI, INFO or any other publicly recognized, globally unique identifier scheme.
Usage Note:
Best practice for descriptions intended for the Credential Engine Registry is to use the ceterms:ctid property for this purpose; ceterms:ctid is declared as a subproperty of ceterms:credentialId.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Development Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which a credential, or aspects of it, were created.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Financial Assistance

Description:
Entity that describes financial assistance for which this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity qualifies.
Comment:
Whether the financial aid in question is associated with a credential, an assessment, or a learning opportunity is dependent on context.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Description:
Image, icon or logo that represents the entity including registered trade or service marks.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

In Language

Description:
Primary language of the credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Comment:
This is the primary language the entity, even if the it makes use of other languages. For example, a course that teaches Spanish to English-speaking students may primarily be in English, because that is the language used to convey the material.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Is Advanced Standing For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity reduces the time or cost required to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Usage Note:
A third-party credential agent claiming that its credential provides advanced standing for the credential of another credential agent should consider using ceterms:recommendedFor instead of ceterms:advancedStandingFor in the absence of an explicit and verifiable agreement on advanced standing between the agents of the two credentials.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Preparation For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity provides preparation for the credential, assessment, or learning opportunity being referenced.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Recommended For

Description:
It is recommended to earn or complete this credential, assessment, or learning opportunity before attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Is Required For

Description:
This credential, assessment, or learning opportunity must be earned or completed prior to attempting to earn or complete the referenced credential, assessment, or learning opportunity.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Jurisdiction

Description:
Geographic or political region in which the credential is formally applicable or an organization has authority to act.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maintenance Process

Description:
Entity describing the process by which the credential is maintained including review and updating.
Comment:
Such maintenance does not include renewal of a credential by an individual holder.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Maximum Duration

Description:
Maximum amount of time it will take to complete the activity.
Comment:
The value of ceterms:maximumDuration denotes an approximation of duration.
Usage Note:
Do not use ceterms:maximumDuration to identify the renewal frequency of a credential; use ceterms:renewalFrequency instead.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:
Description:
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of an organization or business person.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value
Value Type:

Offered In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale where the credential, learning resource or assessment is offered.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Preparation From

Description:
Another credential, learning opportunity or assessment that provides preparation for this credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Process Standards

Description:
Webpage or online document that describes the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Process Standards Description

Description:
Textual description of the criteria, standards, and/or requirements used with a process.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Single-Value
Value Type:

Recognized In

Description:
Region or political jurisdiction such as a state, province or locale in which the credential, learning resource, or assessment has been publicly recommended, acknowledged or endorsed.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value

Recommends

Description:
Recommended credential, learning opportunity or assessment.
Importance:
Optional
Multiplicity:
Multi-Value